of the most controversial and debatable areas is that of certification.
Certification in training extends to much more than listed above, but is
really not much more than establishing a "chain of evidence."
are just a few important factors that a Jury will look at during a in a
civil suit trial in a Federal Court of Law with respect to certification:
many years has the certification been awarded?
geographically in the country has the certification been assigned?
many agencies have used the certification and to what extent?
the documentation require individual signed/dated record sheets?
the certification totally in-house or awarded through an independent
is the success rate in the certification by it not being
questioned in a court of law?
the certification include various levels of training;
instructor-trainer, instructor, basic certification, and if so, what is
there a clear, decisive, unquestionable, court defendable chain of
evidence that can be presented from the attendance of the officer in the
are the credentials of the certifying agency and certifying instructors?
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